Oyster mushroom is one of the edible oyster mushroom per kg with good quality and high productivity, which is cultivated in tropical and subtropical regions and can be grown in high temperature.
The most common oyster mushroom cultivation areas are Europe, America and Southeast Asia. This fungus grows well on materials such as sawdust, paper waste, soybean meal, rotten wood and other lignocellulosic materials.
The age of this mushroom is determined by the shape of its cap, so that when the mushroom is young, the cap looks like a fan, but when the age of the mushroom increases, the mushroom becomes a cluster.
Cultivation of oyster mushrooms
Oyster mushroom cultivation methods
In this article, we are going to briefly explain the different methods of oyster mushroom cultivation.
In general, there are 8 ways to cultivate this mushroom, which are:
1- Cultivation of oyster mushrooms in plastic bags
In this method, mushroom cultivation takes place inside plastic bags. In this way, the cultivation bed, which is straw and stubble, is placed inside the bag, and the mushroom seeds are placed on the straw and stubble from inside the bottle into the bag.
In this method, straw and stubble are first soaked and soaked in boiling water for half an hour. This work has 3 major advantages:
– If there are grain or weed seeds inside the straw and stubble, these seeds will lose their ability to germinate due to heat, and as a result, if they reach these seeds inside the water culture bed during mushroom cultivation, they will not germinate.
– As a result of the heat applied to the straw and stubble, any pollution and pathogens will be destroyed.
Another advantage of boiling straw and stubble before cultivation is that straw and stubble are hard and woody and the mushroom mycelium cannot penetrate it.
well and they are damaged. As a result, by boiling, these materials are softened and a suitable substrate for growing mushrooms. An oyster is provided.
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